An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". Aldous Huxleya leading essayist, gives guidance on the subject. Furthermore, Huxley argues that "essays belong to a literary species whose extreme variability can be studied most effectively within a three-poled frame of reference".
To create it, you would simply draw several boxes in a horizontal line and connect them with arrows pointing to the right. Then, you would fill in the most important events in the story from left to right, so that the viewer could easily see where each event falls.
Another variation on this organizer is a timeline, which is essentially a graphic organizer as well.
The difference between these two methods of organizing story events is that a timeline requires specific markers that show time, such as days, years, or eras.
A sequence of events organizer, however, does not show the span of time between each event, so it does not need these markers. Story Map Organizer Another summarizing graphic organizer for a fictional text is a story map.
Although this organizer contains one component that is similar to a sequence of events organizer, it is far more complex. Below the sequence of events chain, the story map includes a box for the resolution of the conflict and, if desired, the theme of the story.
To do this, draw a large upside down triangle. At the widest part of the triangle, write down several sentences that retell the information or storyline in the text. Then draw a line beneath these sentences, and try to eliminate excess information or combine ideas from several sentences to write a shorter summary.
Draw another line beneath this summary, and continue with this process until you have reached the bottom — the tip — of the pyramid. Your summary should now be short and concise, including only the most essential events or information in the text. Cause and Effect Organizer Many nonfiction texts are built around a cause-and-effect organization.
In these cases, you can use a cause and effect organizer to visually summarize a text. To do this, you would place one or several boxes for the cause or causes in a horizontal line, with one or several boxes for the effect or effects in a second horizontal line below.
You would then draw arrows connecting the cause s to the resulting effect s. You could also use cause-and-effect chains as summarizing graphic organizers, in which each effect causes something else to happen. This would look like a vertical sequence of events organizer.
Other types of graphic organizers can also be helpful for summarizing a text. See this article for some types of graphic organizers you might use. This post is part of the series: Study Tips and Strategies Not sure how to improve your study habits?
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Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Dr. Lemma W. Senbet, who is the William E. Mayer Chair Professor of Finance at the University of Maryland, College Park, is a member of the Ethiopian Diaspora Trust Fund's Advisory Council.
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