The role of ethnicity and religion

Ethnicity and Religion Dr. Orville Boyd Jenkins In describing and classifying ethnolinguistic peoples, we look at the distinctive elements of culture. In addition to language and social communication, various factors of group solidarity and self-identity are considered.

The role of ethnicity and religion

The role of ethnicity and religion

Religion and Ethnicity Dr. What is the role of religion in ethnicity?

Diasporic groups often maintain ethnic religions as a means of maintaining a distinct ethnic identity, such as Hinduism among diasporic Indians in the Caribbean, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, southern and eastern Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, and the Malay Peninsula, or the role of African traditional religion and Afro-American religions among the . This paper focuses on the role of religion and ethnicity in providing social support for elderly Dutch Canadian Catholic and Calvinist parents and in establishing ethno-religious retirement and . The theme of this issue: The Role of Religion and Ethnicity in Contemporary Conflict: Related Emerging Tactics, Strategies and Methodologies of Mediation and Resolution looks at ways to influence these changes, improve interethnic and interfaith experiences, and offers information which can enlighten social discourse and reveal the possibility Format: Paperback.

Is it the religious aspect of culture that is being designated? When does religion become the determining factor in identity? The distinctive element we wish to emphasize is that of culture. Religion is an important cultural characteristic. How important the religious identity is varies from people to people.

As we evaluate all the various cultural characteristics, we have to determine discover which of those are most determinative within the self-identity of the particular people themselves. Different cultural characteristics are given different relative value in each ethnic group.

We see some related ethnic groups with two or more divisions, according to religious identity, such as Arain, Muslim; Arain, Sikh; Arain, Hindu in India. Such a name does not necessarily mean to imply that every member of the group is Hindu, or Muslim, or whatever the case may be.

Such a designation in the formal listing of an ethnic group is not meant to preclude the individual options of members of that ethnic group. Religion in Culture Rather, the intention is that the religious reference given reflects the distinctive culture of the group.

Religion is one of the factors involved in what we call culture. Religion is one of the ethnic "descriptors" — critical factors that may be observed to identify ethnicity. Religion is one of the factors that help define culture, and thus ethnicity. There are cultures in which the religious identity is a primary defining factor.

In many cultures it does not matter. Thus in such discussions, it is the cultural character of "religion" that is in focus when we identify a people as "Hindu" or "Christian. This can lead us to feel we must define some religious aspect in the name or basic identity of the group.

The commonly agreed guiding factor is the extent to which the broad religious identity determines how the people themselves identify themsleves.

Mission Context In this regard, traditional religious systems of any kind, whatever they may be called even "Christian" is a different factor from the identified factor of "New Testament" believer, or "evangelical" or "born again," by which we may, for gospel strategy purposes, distinguish the New Testament church as we understand it in terms of mission.

Such believers, and such a church can exist in any culture theoreticallyno matter what the perceived general religious character of the culture might be.

For example, in the Roman Empire, Rome's official religion cultural religious character was a Paterfamilias state paganism, with aspects of emperor worship which gained in strength from the late first century of the Christian era.

But there was an identifiable and acknowledged population of Christians, and their churches. These Roman Christians surely were, for the most part, what is commonly identified today in mission terms as the New Testament or "evangelical" church!

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There was no Christian ethnicity at that time. The "Christians" were a mix of different peoples, with a predominance of Jews that diminished as the first century progressed. A Conceptual Problem While religious identity, in principle, can be the determining and defining factor in ethnic identification and communication, we encounter a conceptual problem in the following regard.

When someone in the ethnicity designated as Muslim, for instance, becomes a believer in Christ, what do we do with that designation? Since he is now not a Muslim, do we consider him to have changed ethnicity?

Further, what about the concept of establishing an indigenous church planting movement within the ethnic group?

The role of ethnicity and religion

If by definition any convert to Christian faith is no longer a member of the "Muslim" ethnic group, how is it ever possible to establish a church in the ethnicity?

On the other hand, maybe it is the definition of "Christian" that throws us off here. Normally it is intuitively understood that certain peoples are "Christian," and that they do, indeed, define themselves that way in regard to other similar peoples around them.

But we understand that to mean culturally Christian, a separate question from matters of individual personal faith. Likewise the concept of "cultural Christianity" does not rule out personal "evangelical" faith, as often used in mission circles.

Perhaps the concept of "Muslim Background Believer" MBBused by access teams of many agencies, can be the bridging concept. In this sense you would have cultural "Muslims" who DO stay within their culture religious ethnic and social group while still faithfully following Jesus.ethnic group creates serious unrest and threat to the process of nation building.

Key words: ethnic politics, ethnic conflict, ethnic disagreements, identity movement, Assimilation Policies, internal colonialism, ethnic narrative Introduction Ethnicity is an important feature of human identity that manifests differently in different societies.

Ethnicity is a method of classification based upon a common trait of the population, such as a common heritage, a common culture, a shared language or dialect. Ethnicity may also be based on common ancestry and religion. Some ethnic groups may be marked by little more than a common name.

Diasporic groups often maintain ethnic religions as a means of maintaining a distinct ethnic identity, such as Hinduism among diasporic Indians in the Caribbean, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, southern and eastern Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, and the Malay Peninsula, or the role of African traditional religion and Afro-American religions among the .

A discussion of the role of religion in the concept of ethnicity. The role or character of 'religion' varies with an ethnic or social group, and thus religion is a more important factor .

Ethnicity is based on commonality of ancestry, culture, language, nationality, or religion, or a combination of these things. impact of ethnicity, religion, and class Nabil Khattab, Ron Johnston, Tariq Modood & Ibrahim Sirkeci In the second part, we discuss the role of class and its relationship to ethno-religious background.

In the third, we introduce methodological dimensions and discuss measures used to operationa-.

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