The life political career and philosophies of confucius

Roman emperor; reconquered Mediterranean empire; accelerated Catholic-Monophysite schism Hinduism; Jainism founder of Jainism Source of list of names: In the afterword to his book TheMichael H.

The life political career and philosophies of confucius

He is said to have worked in various government jobs during his early 20s, and as a bookkeeper and a caretaker of sheep and horses, using the proceeds to give his mother a proper burial.

The Ji family held the position "Minister over the Masses", who was also the "Prime Minister"; the Meng family held the position "Minister of Works"; and the Shu family held the position "Minister of War". In the winter of BC, Yang Hu—a retainer of the Ji family—rose up in rebellion and seized power from the Ji family.

However, by the summer of BC, the three hereditary families had succeeded in expelling Yang Hu from Lu. Thus, that year BCConfucius came to be appointed to the minor position of governor of a town.

Eventually, he rose to the position of Minister of Crime. This way, he could establish a centralized government. However, Confucius relied solely on diplomacy as he had no military authority himself. Although the Meng and Shu families unsuccessfully besieged Hou, a loyalist official rose up with the people of Hou and forced Hou Fan to flee to the Qi state.

The situation may have been in favor for Confucius as this likely made it possible for Confucius and his disciples to convince the aristocratic families to dismantle the fortifications of their cities.

Eventually, after a year and a half, Confucius and his disciples succeeded in convincing the Shu family to raze the walls of Hou, the Ji family in razing the walls of Bi, and the Meng family in razing the walls of Cheng.

First, the Shu family led an army towards their city Hou and tore down its walls in BC. Even though he disapproved the use of a violent revolution, the Ji family dominated the Lu state force for generations and had exiled the previous duke.

Although he wanted the opportunity to put his principles into practice, Confucius gave up on this idea in the end. Confucius ordered two officers to lead an assault against the rebels. Immediately after the revolt was defeated, the Ji family razed the Bi city walls to the ground.

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The Shiji stated that the neighboring Qi state was worried that Lu was becoming too powerful while Confucius was involved in the government of the Lu state. The duke indulged himself in pleasure and did not attend to official duties for three days.

Confucius was disappointed and resolved to leave Lu and seek better opportunities, yet to leave at once would expose the misbehavior of the duke and therefore bring public humiliation to the ruler Confucius was serving.

Confucius therefore waited for the duke to make a lesser mistake. Soon after, the duke neglected to send to Confucius a portion of the sacrificial meat that was his due according to custom, and Confucius seized upon this pretext to leave both his post and the Lu state.

At the courts of these states, he expounded his political beliefs but did not see them implemented. During his return, Confucius sometimes acted as an advisor to several government officials in Lu, including Ji Kangzion matters including governance and crime.

He died from natural causes. Confucius was buried in Kong Lin cemetery which lies in the historical part of Qufu in the Shandong Province. In addition, it has a raised brick platform at the front of the memorial for offerings such as sandalwood incense and fruit.

Confucianism The Dacheng Hall, the main hall of the Temple of Confucius in Qufu Although Confucianism is often followed in a religious manner by the Chinese, many argue that its values are secular and that it is, therefore, less a religion than a secular morality.

However, Confucius is said to have believed in astrology, saying: Ethics One of the deepest teachings of Confucius may have been the superiority of personal exemplification over explicit rules of behavior. His moral teachings emphasized self-cultivation, emulation of moral exemplars, and the attainment of skilled judgment rather than knowledge of rules.

Confucian ethics may, therefore, be considered a type of virtue ethics. His teachings rarely rely on reasoned argument, and ethical ideals and methods are conveyed indirectly, through allusioninnuendoand even tautology. His teachings require examination and context to be understood.

A good example is found in this famous anecdote: Waley10—13 tr. Leggeor X tr. Confucius serves not as an all-powerful deity or a universally true set of abstract principles, but rather the ultimate model for others. One of his teachings was a variant of the Golden Rulesometimes called the " Silver Rule " owing to its negative form: Never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself.Confucius had humble beginnings, raised in poverty by his mother after his father, a soldier, died when Confucius was young.

However, after becoming well-known for his ideas, Confucius was appointed the minor position of governor of a town. He later rose to become to the lofty position of Minister of Crime, a great honor. The following list of influential figures from world history comes from Michael H.

Hart's book The A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in the book, Hart provides brief biographies of each of the individuals, as well as reasons for their ranking.

Confucius. Traditionally September 28, BCE - BCE. One of the most famous people in ancient China was a wise philosopher named Confucius - also Kong Zi, Kong Qiu, or Zhong Ni.

The life political career and philosophies of confucius

Living in the State of Lu (Qufu City in Shandong Province) during the Spring and Warring Period ( BC - BC), Confucius was a great educationalist, ideologist and the founder of Confucianism and private schools in China. He . Since Confucius' teachings and philosophy was so advanced, it was the education for China for 2, years.

It is called Confucianism which is the complex system of moral, social, political, and religious teaching built up by Confucius . Confucius’s political career was, however, short-lived.

Confucius asserts that virtue is a mean between extremes. For example, the properly generous person gives the right amount—not too much and not too little. Politics. Confucius's political thought is based upon his ethical Ancient philosophy. The following list of influential figures from world history comes from Michael H. Hart's book The A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in the book, Hart provides brief biographies of each of the individuals, as well as reasons for their ranking. At a time when Aeschylus and Socrates were spawning the ethical philosophies of the Greek world, and Haggai and Zechariah were encouraging the Jews to return to Jerusalem, K’ung Fu-tzu (later Latinized as “Confucius”) was popularizing a philosophy of ethical humanism that would have a huge impact on the social, political, and .

His loyalty to the king alienated him from the power holders of the time, the large Ji families, and his moral rectitude did not sit well with the king’s inner circle, who enraptured the king with sensuous delight.

Confucius, Kong Zi: Great Educator, Founder of Confucianism