The history of the internet and its development

At those insecure post-war times of alienation and deepening political division, the vision of the Internet as we see it today, was only a matter of science fiction dreaming. Starting as a military project in the United States, it quickly became very popular in several other countries. Now, several decades later, with the spread of the democratic lifestyle and the amazing technological progress, we all witness the existence of a parallel world of unlimited communication possibilities that occupies an increasing part of our daily routine with the sole purpose of facilitating our lives.

The history of the internet and its development

Although the computer system in the story is centralized, the story anticipates a ubiquitous information environment similar to the Web. The cultural impact of the web was imagined even further back in a short story by E.

Forster" The Machine Stops ," first published in Berners-Lee found an enthusiastic supporter in Robert Cailliau.

The browser could access Usenet newsgroups and FTP files as well.

The history of the internet and its development

However, it could run only on the NeXT; Nicola Pellow therefore created a simple text browser, called the Line Mode Browserthat could run on almost any computer. Jones stored the plain-text page, with hyperlinks, on a floppy disk and on his NeXT computer.

By January there were fifty Web servers across the world.

Who was the first to use the Internet? Although the computer system in the story is centralized, the story anticipates a ubiquitous information environment similar to the Web.
In the words of Internet pioneers Our criteria By what criteria would we determine what was a primitive Internet? We will examine the various verifiable events according to the following criteria Was it a connection between networks?
The Internet today - common uses Email this Article Print This Article Interacting with friends and family across long distances has been a concern of humans for centuries.
A Brief History of the Internet of Things - DATAVERSITY Based on a work at www. The Internet was the result of some visionary thinking by people in the early s who saw great potential value in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields.
Our criteria Web mail Although we think of the Internet as a new entity, its origins date back over 40 years.

Doctor Fun and NetBoy. Some sites were also indexed by WAISenabling users to submit full-text searches similar to the capability later provided by search engines. Early browsers[ edit ] Initially, a web browser was available only for the NeXT operating system.

This shortcoming was discussed in January[14] and alleviated in April by the release of Erwisean application developed at the Helsinki University of Technologyand in May by ViolaWWWcreated by Pei-Yuan Weiwhich included advanced features such as embedded graphics, scripting, and animation.

Both programs ran on the X Window System for Unix. Students at the University of Kansas adapted an existing text-only hypertext browser, Lynxto access the web. Bruce for the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School to provide legal information, since access to Windows was more widespread amongst lawyers than access to Unix.

Cello was released in June The company later changed its name to Netscapeand the browser was developed further as Netscape Navigator.

It comprised various companies that were willing to create standards and recommendations to improve the quality of the Web. Berners-Lee made the Web available freely, with no patent and no royalties due. The W3C decided that its standards must be based on royalty-free technology, so they can be easily adopted by anyone.

Commercialization of the Web[ edit ] Main article: Web marketing By it became obvious to most publicly traded companies that a public Web presence was no longer optional.

More dotcomsdisplaying products on hypertext webpages, were added into the Web. Although a number of these new entrepreneurs had realistic plans and administrative ability, most of them lacked these characteristics but were able to sell their ideas to investors because of the novelty of the dot-com concept.

Historically, the dot-com boom can be seen as similar to a number of other technology-inspired booms of the past including railroads in the s, automobiles in the early 20th century, radio in the s, television in the s, transistor electronics in the s, computer time-sharing in the s, and home computers and biotechnology in the s.

The history of the internet and its development

In the bubble burst, and many dot-com startups went out of business after burning through their venture capital and failing to become profitable. Many others, however, did survive and thrive in the early 21st century. Many companies which began as online retailers blossomed and became highly profitable.

More conventional retailers found online merchandising to be a profitable additional source of revenue. While some online entertainment and news outlets failed when their seed capital ran out, others persisted and eventually became economically self-sufficient.

Traditional media outlets newspaper publishers, broadcasters and cablecasters in particular also found the Web to be a useful and profitable additional channel for content distribution, and an additional means to generate advertising revenue.

The sites that survived and eventually prospered after the bubble burst had two things in common; a sound business plan, and a niche in the marketplace that was, if not unique, particularly well-defined and well-served.

The Web becomes ubiquitous[ edit ] In the aftermath of the dot-com bubbletelecommunications companies had a great deal of overcapacity as many Internet business clients went bust. That, plus ongoing investment in local cell infrastructure kept connectivity charges low, helped to make high-speed Internet connectivity more affordable.

During this time, a handful of companies found success developing business models that helped make the World Wide Web a more compelling experience.The history of the Internet dates back significantly further than that of the World Wide Web.

Web is the global information system. Precursors. The hypertext portion of the Web in particular has an intricate a US-federal research and development program.

To draw a parallel: we are treating the Internet more like a history of transport, which obviously has several threads and origins and important developments, rather than a history of the steam engine (part of the transport history, for sure, but only a small part).

To draw a parallel: we are treating the Internet more like a history of transport, which obviously has several threads and origins and important developments, rather than a history of the steam engine (part of the transport history, for sure, but only a small part).

Internet, History. 1. INTRODUCTION The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before.

The invention of the telegraph, In this paper4, several of us involved in the development and evolution of the Internet share our views of its origins and history. 2 Perhaps this is an exaggeration based on the lead.

Internet, History. 1. INTRODUCTION The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of the telegraph, In this paper4, several of us involved in the development and evolution of the Internet share our views of its origins and history.

The Internet was the result of some visionary thinking by people in the early s who saw great potential value in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields. The Internet and programs like Skype have made the international phone industry almost obsolete by providing everyone with Internet access the ability to talk to people all around the world for free instead of paying to talk via landlines. Internet, History. 1. INTRODUCTION The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of the telegraph, In this paper4, several of us involved in the development and evolution of the Internet share our views of its origins and history. 2 Perhaps this is an exaggeration based on the .

2 Perhaps this is an exaggeration based on the . he Internet Engineering Task Force is the international standards and development body of the Internet and is a large, open community of network designers, operators, vendors and researchers concerned with the evolution and smooth operation of the Internet architecture.

Origins of the Internet