See Article History Multiculturalism, the view that culturesraces, and ethnicitiesparticularly those of minority groups, deserve special acknowledgement of their differences within a dominant political culture. That acknowledgement can take the forms of recognition of contributions to the cultural life of the political community as a whole, a demand for special protection under the law for certain cultural groups, or autonomous rights of governance for certain cultures. Multiculturalism is both a response to the fact of cultural pluralism in modern democracies and a way of compensating cultural groups for past exclusion, discriminationand oppression. Most modern democracies comprise members with diverse cultural viewpoints, practices, and contributions.
Settlement[ edit ] Culturally diverse areas or " ethnic enclaves " are another way in which multiculturalism has manifested. Newcomers have tended to settle in the major urban areas. In Canada, there are several ethnocentric communities with many diverse backgrounds, including Chinese, Italian and Greek.
During the first half of the 20th century, Chinatowns were associated with filth, seediness, and the derelict. In addition these neighbourhoods, like their cultures, add to the definition of a city and point to the fact that integration is a two-way street.
The Quebec Actimplemented after the British conquest of New France in the mids brought a large Francophone population under British Imperial rulecreating a need for accommodation.
Unity in Diversity" in the Council on Foreign Relations journal discussing the influence of the Francophone population as a whole.
The recommendations of this report elicited a variety of responses. Former Progressive Conservative Prime Minister John Diefenbakerwho was now Leader of the Official Opposition after his government was succeeded by that of Pearson on April 22,viewed them as an attack on his "One Canada Policy" that was opposed to extending accommodation to minority groups.
Trudeau espoused participatory democracy as a means of making Canada a " Just Society ". We should not even be able to agree upon the kind of Canadian to choose as a model, let alone persuade most people to emulate it.
There are few policies potentially more disastrous for Canada than to tell all Canadians that they must be alike. There is no such thing as a model or ideal Canadian. A society which emphasizes uniformity is one which creates intolerance and hate.
A society which eulogizes the average citizen is one which breeds mediocrity. What the world should be seeking, and what in Canada we must continue to cherish, are not concepts of uniformity but humanvalues: When the Canadian constitution was patriated by Prime Minister Trudeau inone of its constituent documents was the Charter of Rights and Freedomsand section 27 of the Charter stipulates that the rights laid out in the document are to be interpreted in a manner consistent with the spirit of multiculturalism.
It contains the globe within its borders, and Canadians have learned that their two international languages and their diversity are a comparative advantage and a source of continuing creativity and innovation. Canadians are, by virtue of history and necessity, open to the world.
Section Fifteen of the Charter that covers equality states: Canadian Multiculturalism Act[ edit ] The Canadian Multiculturalism Act affirms the policy of the government to ensure that every Canadian receives equal treatment by the government which respects and celebrates diversity.
The rights of indigenous peoples. English and French remain the only official languageshowever other languages may be used. Social equality within society and under the law regardless of race, colour, ancestry, national or ethnic origin, creed or religion.
Section 3 1 of the act states: Multicultural media in Canada In the Multiculturalism Act, the federal government proclaimed the recognition of the diversity of Canadian culture. In Alberta, the Alberta Human Rights Commission performs the role of multiculturalism advisory council.
In Nova Scotia, the Act is implemented by both a Cabinet committee on multiculturalism and advisory councils.
Ontario has an official multicultural policy and the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration is responsible for promoting social inclusion, civic and community engagement and recognition. While the territorial governments do not have multiculturalism policies per se, they have human rights acts that prohibit discrimination based on, among other things, race, colour, ancestry, ethnic origin, place of origin, creed or religion.
In Whitehorsethe Multicultural Centre of the Yukon provides services to immigrants. Saskatchewan[ edit ] Saskatchewan was the first Canadian province to adopt legislation on multiculturalism. Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms Quebec differs from the rest of the nine provinces in that its policy focuses on " interculturalism "- rather than multiculturalism,    where diversity is strongly encouraged,  but only under the notion that it is within the framework that establishes French as the public language.
A Policy Statement on Integration and Immigration which reinforced three main points: New Brunswick[ edit ] New Brunswick first introduced their multicultural legislation in Canadian multiculturalism is looked upon with admiration outside the country, resulting in the Canadian public dismissing most critics of the concept.
Emma Ambrose and Cas Mudde examining surveys of Western nations report: Data confirm that Canada has fostered a much more accepting society for immigrants and their culture than other Western countries.
For example, Canadians are the most likely to agree with the statement that immigrants make their country a better place to live and that immigrants are good for the economy. They are also the least likely to say that there are too many immigrants in their country, that immigration has placed too much pressure on public services, and that immigrants have made it more difficult for natives to find a job.
That is something unique to Canada.Understanding of cultural diversity is essential to a healthy multicultural society.
Fundamental to this book’s approach is the belief that a comparative, cross-cultural view of human differences and similarities enhances understanding of diversity and multiculturalism within contemporary North America.
Multiculturalism: Multiculturalism, the view that cultures, races, and ethnicities, particularly those of minority groups, deserve special acknowledgement of their differences within a dominant political culture. That acknowledgement can take the forms of recognition of contributions to the cultural life of the.
ideal of cultural diversity, or multiculturalism—the principle of not only tolerating but also respecting different religions and cultures and encouraging them to coexist harmoniously—tends to undermine the traditional culture of any country that tries to put it into practice. I. Albion’s Seed by David Fischer is a history professor’s nine-hundred-page treatise on patterns of early immigration to the Eastern United States.
It’s not light reading and not the sort of thing I would normally pick up. I read it anyway on the advice of people who kept telling me it . On Being Different: Diversity and Multiculturalism in the North American Mainstream, 4th Edition by Conrad Kottak and Kathryn Kozaitis () Preview the textbook, purchase or get a FREE instructor-only desk copy.
Settlement. Culturally diverse areas or "ethnic enclaves" are another way in which multiculturalism has nationwidesecretarial.comers have tended to settle in the major urban areas. These urban enclaves have served as a home away from home for immigrants to Canada, while providing a unique experience of different cultures for those of long Canadian descent.