Obesity a widespread psychology related health

And it is not just a weight problem: Overweight and Obesity Defined Overweight and obesity are defined by the body mass index BMIwhich is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters. A BMI of 25 to

Obesity a widespread psychology related health

It has also changed significantly over time. Most of this extra food energy came from an increase in carbohydrate consumption rather than fat consumption.

Obesity — Global Issues

In the United States, subsidization of corn, soy, wheat, and rice through the U. Obese people consistently under-report their food consumption as compared to people of normal weight.

Sedentary lifestyle See also: Sedentary lifestyle and Exercise trends A sedentary lifestyle plays a significant role in obesity. The World Health Organization indicates people worldwide are taking up less active recreational pursuits, while a study from Finland [] found an increase and a study from the United States found leisure-time physical activity has not changed significantly.

As ofmore than 41 of these sites on the human genome have been linked to the development of obesity when a favorable environment is present. The term "non-syndromic obesity" is sometimes used to exclude these conditions.

Obesity a widespread psychology related health

Their ability to take advantage of rare periods of abundance by storing energy as fat would be advantageous during times of varying food availability, and individuals with greater adipose reserves would be more likely to survive famine.

This tendency to store fat, however, would be maladaptive in societies with stable food supplies. Medical illnesses that increase obesity risk include several rare genetic syndromes listed above as well as some congenital or acquired conditions: Social determinants of obesity The disease scroll Yamai no soshi, late 12th century depicts a woman moneylender with obesity, considered a disease of the rich.

While genetic influences are important to understanding obesity, they cannot explain the current dramatic increase seen within specific countries or globally.

There are a number of theories as to the cause but most believe it is a combination of various factors.

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The correlation between social class and BMI varies globally. A review in found that in developed countries women of a high social class were less likely to be obese. No significant differences were seen among men of different social classes.

In the developing world, women, men, and children from high social classes had greater rates of obesity.

Obesity defined as a chronic disease by leading medical associations

The decrease in strength of correlation was felt to be due to the effects of globalization. A similar relationship is seen among US states: It is thought that in developed countries, the wealthy are able to afford more nutritious food, they are under greater social pressure to remain slim, and have more opportunities along with greater expectations for physical fitness.

In undeveloped countries the ability to afford food, high energy expenditure with physical labor, and cultural values favoring a larger body size are believed to contribute to the observed patterns.Chapter 5 Applications of Health Psychology to Eating Behaviors 8.

Suggest interventions to encourage diabetes is directly related to obesity and may result in blindness, amputations, kidney fail- final section of the chapter summarizes applications of health psychology theories to im-proving eating behavior.

Obesity A Widespread Psychology Related Health Issue Essay  Obesity: A Widespread Psychology Related Health Issue Angel V Johnson HCA/ April 12, Sheila Pierson Obesity: A Widespread Psychology Related Health Issue What is the true definition of Obesity?

Psychological Factors in Obesity Obesity is a condition where genetics, nutrition, lifestyle and psychology merge into a complex mesh of interactions.

The more psychologically stuck, or damaged, an individual feels, there is a greater chance of disordered eating, social inadequacies and health complications. Apr 02,  · Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology.

What You Can Do and resources for parents about helping their children make better decisions about what they eat to prevent childhood obesity. Mind/body health: Obesity. Stress, sadness, anxiety and other emotions can lead people to eat too much.

Related APA Publications. . At the Rochester Center for Behavioral Medicine, we often work with patients who struggle with obesity and other mental health issues.

Mental Illness and Obesity

Indeed, this is a common phenomenon at mental health clinics. Obesity is one of the nation's fastest-growing and most troubling health problems. Unless you act to address the emotions behind why you overeat, you could be facing long-term problems.

Obesity | Psychology Today