Moreover, BGE is supposed to provide an "introduction to the background of Zarathustra", as Nietzsche wrote to his editor. The result is a powerfully argued and challenging investigation, which shows how sophisticated Nietzsche's treatment of the traditional questions about the True and the Good is.
Is there not ground for suspecting that all dogmatic philosophers, just as they have failed to understand women, have failed to woo truth? It seems that in order to inscribe themselves upon the heart of humanity, all great things have first to wander the earth as enormous caricatures: With such a tensely strained bow one can now aim at the furthest goals On the Prejudices of Philosophers 1 The will to truth tempts us to many a venture.
It seems as if the problem had never even been put, as if we were the first to fix it with our eyes, and risk it. Truth out of error or the pure and sunlike gaze of the sage out of lust? Such origins are impossible; whoever dreams of them is a fool. The things of highest value cannot be derived from this transitory, seductive, paltry world of turmoil, delusion and lust.
We have to relearn here, that "being conscious" is not the opposite of being instinctive, and that even behind logic, there stands physiological demands for the preservation of life.
To be sure, among scientific men, you may find something like a drive for knowledge, a clockwork that, once wound, works without any participation from the other drives of the scholar. But the real "interests" of the scholar lie usually somewhere else, say, in his family, in making money, or in politics.
What words these are! What is that beyond "live according to life"; how could you not do that?
But this is an ancient story: But "How are synthetic judgements a priori possible? By saying "By virtue of a faculty" though unfortunately not in five words.
But is that an answer? Or rather merely a repetition of the question? How does opium induce sleep? Such replies belong in comedy. It is high time to replace the Kantian question by another question, "Why is belief in such judgements necessary?
Though, between ourselves, it is not at all necessary to get rid of "soul", but the way is open for new versions of the hypothesis. A living thing seeks above all to discharge its strength- life itself is will to power; self-preservation is only one of the results.
But insofar as it is based on belief in the senses, it is a sort of explanation. Eyes and fingers speak in its favour, which strikes an age with plebeian tastes as persuasive. Conversely, the charm of the old Platonic way of thinking consisted precisely in resistance to obvious sense-evidence.
But I shall repeat a hundred times that "immediate certainty," "absolute knowledge" and the "thing-in-itself," involve a contradictio in adjecto. We really must free ourselves from the seduction of words!
But from where do I get the concept of thing? Why do I believe in cause and effect? What gives me the right to speak of an ego?
Whoever ventures to answer these metaphysical questions by appealing to intuitive perception will encounter a smile and two question marks from a philosopher nowadays. Suppose someone were to see through this boorish simplicity, l beg of him to carry his "enlightenment" a step further, and abandon, too, its opposite "unfree will," which amounts to a misuse of cause and effect.
Nobody has yet come close to understanding it as the development of the will to power.In both ‘The Gay Science’ and ‘Beyond Good and Evil’, he seemingly both encouraged and denied the value of truth.
Sometimes, he thought that truth was merely for scholars who wanted to peek under life’s veils; which is ‘indecent’ — he says that instead of describing everything by science to find the truth, instead we should appreciated life’s ‘rich ambiguity’.
Nietzsche's Mature Philosophy Nietzsche's writings fall into three well-defined periods. The early works, The good/evil contrast arose when slaves avenged themselves by converting attributes of mastery into vices. If the favoured, the "good," were powerful, it was said that the meek would inherit the earth.
Pride became sin. Charity. Summary. Beyond Good and Evil is a comprehensive overview of Nietzsche's mature philosophy. The book consists of aphorisms, ranging in length from a few sentences to a few pages.
These aphorisms are grouped thematically into nine different chapters and are bookended by a preface and a poem. Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a German philosopher and cultural critic who published intensively in the s and s. He is famous for uncompromising criticisms of traditional European morality and religion, as well as of conventional philosophical ideas and .
Summary Beyond Good and Evil is a comprehensive overview of Nietzsche's mature philosophy. The book consists of aphorisms, ranging in length from a few sentences to a few pages.
These aphorisms are grouped thematically into nine different chapters and are bookended by a preface and a poem. Beyond Good and Evil () (BGE) arguably occupies a privileged position in the economy of Nietzsche's nationwidesecretarial.comnly, it is the best place to look if one is interested in his views on thosetopics which traditionally come under the heading of "first philosophy".