Direct method of elt

The Direct Method Background. It was established in Germany and France around The direct method of teaching was developed as a response to the Grammar-Translation method.

Direct method of elt

And paragraph writing The key Aspects of this method are: Introduction of new word, number, alphabet character, sentence or concept referred to as an element: Syntax, the correct location of new element in sentence: Use random variations to practice. Progress, from new Element to new Element within same lesson: After new Element X is taught and learned, go to next Y.

After next Element is taught and learned, return to practice with first. At this point, stop imparting new information, and simply do Review as follows: Keep random, arbitrary sequencing. If appropriate, use visuals, pointing quickly to each.

Keep a list of everything taught, so proper testing may be done. Progress, from Lesson to Lesson: If Student immediately shows recognition and knowledge, move to next Element. Writing characters and words should initially be done manually, either on paper or whiteboard.

Any student at intermediate stages or higher should be made aware of subtle variations in pronunciation, which depend on geography within a country or from country to country.

One of its positive points is that it promises to teach the language and Not about the language.

Direct Method as One of Language Teaching Approaches | novaekasari09

More advantages can be listed as follows: It is a natural method. The language is taught through demonstration and conversation in context. Pupils, therefore, acquire fluency in speech. They are quick at understanding spoken English. They can converse in English with felicity and ease.

There is no gap between active and passive vocabulary. This method does not differentiate between active and passive vocabularies.

According to this method whatever is required for understanding through English is also required for expressing through it. If English is taught through the mother tongue, the gulf between the active and passive vocabularies is widened.

The learner acquires more of passive vocabulary because he concentrates on understanding English rather than expressing through it. This method is based on sound principles of education. It believes in introducing the particular before general, concrete before abstract and practice before theory.

Its emphasis on speech made it more attractive for those who have needs of real communication in the target language.

Direct method of elt

It was one of the first methods to introduce the teaching of vocabulary through realia. The Disadvantages Major fallacy of Direct Method was belief that second language should be learned in way in which first language was acquired — by total immersion technique.

But obviously far less time and opportunity in schools, compared with small child learning his mother tongue. Subsequently part of the process of learning how to live is the acquisition of skills to verbalize his desires and aversions and to label his concepts, so as to make living more sufficient and secure.

Compare learning of second language At 11 years of age, child is not interested in recognition of new living situations; child has normally learned the basic concepts and can handle situations for ordinary living purposes. Older child has already at his disposal a first language, which is securely fixed to the universe of things; s he is equipped with this advantage; first language learner does not have this.

What does foreign language learner wish to know first? The Direct Method rejects use of the printed word — but this objection is illogical since second language learner has already mastered his reading skills.Direct Method (DM) method is language teaching method.

Through this method students are directly taught with target language without using native language. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

The series method is a variety of the direct method in that experiences are directly connected to the target language. Gouin felt that such direct "translation" of experience into words, makes for a .

Direct method of elt

Proponents of the Direct Method would argue that instruction only in the target language is the pre-condition: any reference to, or acknowledgement of, the learner’s L1 would threaten the native-like intuitions that an entirely monolingual approach aims to inculcate.

Total immersion is an extreme version of this philosophy. Aspects of the Direct Method are still evident in many ELT classrooms, such as the emphasis on listening and speaking, the use of the target language for all class instructions, and the use of visuals and realia to illustrate meaning.

The direct method is also known as “the natural method” because it looks to the process of first language acquisition to set the context and techniques for second language acquisition.

When we learned our mother tongue, we didn’t go through grammar lessons and translation drills. The Direct Method is based on the direct involvement of the student when speaking, and listening to, the foreign language in common everyday situations.

Consequently, there is lots of oral interaction, spontaneous use of the language, no translation, and little if any analysis of grammar rules and syntax.

The Direct and the Grammar Translation Methods | English Language Teaching Methodology