OccupyTheory on 18 January, at What is considered a pro by one person may be considered a con by another. Different people in different parts of the country have different language needs. Since the pros and cons of bilingual education vary greatly from person to person, it is important to take an objective look at the pros and cons of this issue.
In fact, some of it could be due to "de facto" bilingual education, the superior education in the primary language that more advantaged children tend to have. An article appearing in the Los Angeles Times on January 13, added to the confusion.
The article itself was reasonably well balanced. Interviews were conducted in the Los Angeles Unified School District, and the Times reporter concluded that children were picking up "verbal English at a surprising rate" but also reported that there were concerns that children were falling behind in their studies; many teachers were questioning "whether most of the youngsters have acquired the language skills necessary to comprehend math, reading or history lessons in English.
Other teachers said that they had to "water down" core subjects.
This report was not a true evaluation. It was based on only 13 interviews and no test scores or any other kind of statistics were reported.
Further, the Times reporter did not point out that children typically pick up conversational English with any kind of program, even with no special help: The challenge is to help them develop what Cummins calls "academic language," the language of school.
Nevertheless, the headline of the article proclaimed: Unfortunately, these are not isolated examples of sloppy reporting see Krashen, for more examples. Glenn also presents an inappropriate comparison: There are a lot of problem with this comparison, as we document elsewhere Krashen and Crawford, First, it appears that the groups compared may be quite different: Clearly, Delaware has a lower percentage of LEP Hispanic students, which suggests that the groups differ in other important ways.
Second, we may actually be comparing bilingual education with bilingual education. Even though bilingual education is officially banned in Delaware, this ban is not enforced see Crawford,p.
There appears to be plenty of bilingual education in Delaware. Third, we have no description at all of what kind of bilingual education was done in either state. Finally, Hispanics in Massachusetts actually scored higher than Hispanics in Delaware on the NAEP reading exam, both in toa small difference, not "notable," as Glenn points out and a larger difference, to Glenn notes that the gap between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites was larger in Massachusetts than in Delaware.
This was true inbut not in In the difference between non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics was larger in Delaware than in Massachusetts. The California version was this: Bilingual education has failed because " The figure referred to is the percentage of limited English proficient children who are reclassified as English proficient each year.
The precise percentage was 6. To be reclassified means to reach a high enough level of English literacy to be considered fully English proficient.
Calling this a "failure rate" is inaccurate and misleading.
The six percent figure does not represent the success of bilingual education. The California figure was based on all limited English children in California, not just those in bilingual education. This is, in other words, a study with no clear experimental group and no clear control group.Argument in Favor of Proposition WHY DO WE NEED TO CHANGE CALIFORNIA'S BILINGUAL EDUCATION SYSTEM?
Begun with the best of intentions in the s, bilingual education has failed in actual practice, but the politicians and administrators have refused to admit this failure. Bilingual Education in the USA Argumentative Essay by Master Researcher Bilingual Education in the USA An argument in favor of bilingual education in America.
Argument in Favor of Proposition WHY DO WE NEED TO CHANGE CALIFORNIA'S BILINGUAL EDUCATION SYSTEM? Begun with the best of intentions in the s, bilingual education has failed in actual practice, but the politicians and administrators have refused to admit this failure.
But if bilingual education results in better English development, as claimed above, this finding is an argument for bilingual education. A large number of studies confirm that other factors count, such as socioeconomic class, time spent in the US, the presence of print, and family factors.
Moreover, bilingual education touches only a small minority of Hispanics. Ten Common Fallacies about Bilingual Education 57 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 and Asian parents favor such approaches (for a review of this research, see Krashen, ).
The Case Against Bilingual Education. in favor. But whether or not the initiative passes, bilingual education has had a sufficient trial period to be pronounced a failure.