An analysis of iraqi military forces

ISIL earlier established control in Anbar provinces and has held on to Fallujah and at least parts of the provincial capital Ramadi, despite sustained attempts by government forces since January to expel them. At least five army installations are reported to have been taken over by ISIL in northern Iraq, with officials in Baghdad confirming to media that insurgents had taken into possession weapons from the Mosul Army base. International media have also reported that the military may be bombing some of its own bases in an attempt to curb further seizure of weapons and equipment.

An analysis of iraqi military forces

IRAQ Editor's choice Iraqi Armed Forces 5 out of 5 based on 7 ratings. The Iraqi Armed forces have been formed back in with rich history of conflicts throughout the 20th century.

The US chose to disestablish the Iraqi Army and over the next couple of years poured extensive amounts of money in order to equip, and train the new security forces of Iraq.

An analysis of iraqi military forces

Even though, there has been a significant drawdown of the US forces in Iraq, the vital interests of the US government still remain strong in that region and will probably lead to future reassignments of the US forces as it is seen even today.

When discussing the new Iraqi Security Force we must keep in mind that this country is influenced by the US and Iran, and this influence spreads also on all Iraqi security factors including military, paramilitary and police forces. The Iranian efforts to subvert the US influence, especially in the security sector, was a success.

The military as well as the police forces have built a strong leadership, which is heavily composed out of Shia officers. This security cadre maintains a strong bond to other Shia politicians in the country and also in Iran.

May 18, Mushahda, Iraq.

An analysis of iraqi military forces

Two major misconceptions, surrounding ISF incompetence are: The deterioration of ISF began almost immediately after the US funding ended inmeaning that preparation for this catastrophic event that allowed the Islamic State to prosper in Iraq was planned more than a decade ago.

One of the main problems of the Iraqi Army in the past decade was the chronic polarization of the security forces and politicized command reappointments. The examples of redeployment of the ISF forces are the divisions of the southern-based Iraqi Army into Anbar and Ninawa provinces to offset the weaknesses of the individual military units.

This was followed by the collapse in Kirkuk and in Northern Salah al-Din, where the uprising caused by the Sunni insurgent followed the killing of over fifty protestors by the security forces.

This bloody fallout in made the sectarian divides in the country a bit deeper. Inthe Shia militias increased their role in the domestic security which was threaten by the scourge of the Islamic State.

Shia militias were backed by Iran and drawn from Syria and this trend radically accelerated after the fall of Fallujah in the late December of This was the moment when we could see the power shift in Iraq where the US lost allot of its influence on the domestic policy and security of the country and another regional power Iran took the advantage of that power vacuum caused by the Islamic State.

After the fall of Mosul inand the panic which ensued, sacked the Iraqi Security Forces of more than a quarter of its units. Despite this grievous loss the core of ISF still remained strong with thirty-six Iraqi Army brigades and twenty-four Federal Police brigades.

The brigades which survived the initial shock of the IS continued their fight against the extremists, some rumors indicate that the US visited some parts of the Iraqi Army during this period. Though the ISF managed to hold the line and the impact of the Islamic State, there were also casualties which gradually deteriorated the strength of the Iraqi Army.

Surviving brigades were usually reduced to the strength of battalions due to further desertion and losses. The dire situation which occurred in the military pushed forward the government and the Shia clerical establishment to simultaneously issue a joint call-to-arms statement in order to defeat ISIS.

This joint call-to-arms was successful and rather important for the security forces in Iraq, Shia clergy in Iraq managed to capitalize on their ties with the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Qods Force in order to gain access to intelligence, planning, heavy weapons and stable supply of ammunition.

All in all Shia call-to-arms gathered military strength which could be equivalent of at least ten offensive brigades, though they will have an immeasurable impact in the battle against the Islamic State the difficulties will begin when the threat of the Islamic State disappears and these brigades need to integrate into the ISF or demobilize.

Iran was constantly present within the Iraqi society especially within the Shia community, long experience in Lebanon allowed Iran to easily operate and spread its influence further into Iraq and its politics.

Beside Shia militias which were supported by the Iranian military, Iran also provided Iraq with considerable air power. Iran delivered seven SU ground attack aircraft plus the crews who were trained in Iran, there were also drones and some missile systems which were delivered alongside ammunition and other military equipment.

Russia followed the example of Iran and made its own contribution in terms of aircrafts, five SU along with fifteen MiM and six MiNE attack helicopters. At first the US help unfolded gradually but it accelerated soon after.

Washington had set up a Joint Operation Center in Baghdad in order to coordinate actions between two governments but also to provide intelligence and other means of assistance. This was followed by eight US Apache gunships, military assets which could be spared from Afghanistan were also delivered to the Iraqi Army and of course the training to the Iraqi troops was provided by the American instructors by the end of there were around 2, US troops in Iraq.

The US is heavily relaying on the training program of the Iraqi soldiers, it has been said that the US government is planning to establish specialized training sites for the ISF and the forces of Kurdistan Regional Government; the cost of this endeavor is estimated to be more than 1.

These resources are supposed to be spent on training, equipping and building nine Iraqi army brigades which should number around 45, soldiers 1.

The US is also trying to establish training centers and training programs for the police forces. Iraqi Ts pass in review in Baghdad, June 30, Iraqi government is in a peculiar position, acquiring help and resources as well as military equipment from both sides of the geopolitical spectrum proves the importance of this country and the whole region for the global and regional powers.

Although Iran and Russia seek to bolster Iraqi forces in order to stop the extremists which threaten to flood the whole region, the US on the other side are trying to maintain their presence in the region by pumping resources into the Iraqi Army."Penetration of Iraqi security and military forces may be the rule, not the exception," Anthony Cordesman, a military analyst at the Center for Security International Studies, said in a January.

The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, The first Iraqi military forces established by the British were the Iraq Levies, This analysis is based on Iraqi prisoner of war reports.

It is known [by whom?] that between . Since the implementation of the U.S.-Iraq Status of Forces Agreement on January 1, , the Iraqi Armed Forces and the forces of the Ministry of Interior (Iraq) are responsible for providing security and upholding law and order throughout Iraq.

The key actor in this spectacular turnaround is the Iraqi security forces (ISF), comprising the Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS), Army, Federal Police, Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), Peshmerga, tribal auxiliaries, local police, intelligence agencies, and the border and facilities protection forces.

Instead, Iraqi forces surrounded Ramadi, weakened ISIS command-and-control structures, and then launched a multi-front assault. This strategy — straight out of the U.S.

military’s urban. IRAQI WAR In , a US-led coalition invaded Iraq and removed Saddam Hussein from power. Since then, the security situation has been very instable in the , an insurgency escalated into a full-scale military conflict with ISIS expanding in large areas in Iraq.

Analysis: Why has the Iraqi army struggled to counter ISIL advance? | Jane's