Though the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan marked the end of World War IImany historians argue that it also ignited the Cold War. Sincethe United States had been working on developing an atomic weapon, after having been warned by Albert Einstein that Nazi Germany was already conducting research into nuclear weapons. By the time the United States conducted the first successful test an atomic bomb was exploded in the desert in New Mexico in JulyGermany had already been defeated. The war against Japan in the Pacific, however, continued to rage.
By Father John A. Siemes, professor of modern philosophy at Tokyo's Catholic University Hiroshima- August 6th, Up to August 6th, occasional bombs, which did no great damage, had fallen on Hiroshima. Many cities roundabout, one after the other, were destroyed, but Hiroshima itself remained protected.
There were almost daily observation planes over the city but none of them dropped a bomb.
The citizens wondered why they alone had remained undisturbed for so long a time. There were fantastic rumors that the enemy had something special in mind for this city, but no one dreamed that the end would come in such a fashion as on the morning of August 6th.
August 6th began in a bright, clear, summer morning. About seven o'clock, there was an air raid alarm which we had heard almost every day and a few planes appeared over the city. No one paid any attention and at about eight o'clock, the all-clear was sounded. I am sitting in my room at the Novitiate of the Society of Jesus in Nagatsuke; during the past half year, the philosophical and theological section of our Mission had been evacuated to this place from Tokyo.
The Novitiate is situated approximately two kilometers from Hiroshima, half-way up the sides of a broad valley which stretches from the town at sea level into this mountainous hinterland, and through which courses a river.
From my window, I have a wonderful view down the valley to the edge of the city. Suddenly--the time is approximately 8: I jump to the window to find out the cause of this remarkable phenomenon, but I see nothing more than that brilliant yellow light.
As I make for the door, it doesn't occur to me that the light might have something to do with enemy planes.
On the way from the window, I hear a moderately loud explosion which seems to come from a distance and, at the same time, the windows are broken in with a loud crash. There has been an interval of perhaps ten seconds since the flash of light.
I am sprayed by fragments of glass. The entire window frame has been forced into the room. I realize now that a bomb has burst and I am under the impression that it exploded directly over our house or in the immediate vicinity.
I am bleeding from cuts about the hands and head. I attempt to get out of the door. It has been forced outwards by the air pressure and has become jammed. I force an opening in the door by means of repeated blows with my hands and feet and come to a broad hallway from which open the various rooms.
Everything is in a state of confusion.
All windows are broken and all the doors are forced inwards. The bookshelves in the hallway have tumbled down. I do not note a second explosion and the fliers seem to have gone on.
Most of my colleagues have been injured by fragments of glass. A few are bleeding but none has been seriously injured. All of us have been fortunate since it is now apparent that the wall of my room opposite the window has been lacerated by long fragments of glass.
We proceed to the front of the house to see where the bomb has landed. There is no evidence, however, of a bomb crater; but the southeast section of the house is very severely damaged.
Not a door nor a window remains. The blast of air had penetrated the entire house from the southeast, but the house still stands. It is constructed in a Japanese style with a wooden framework, but has been greatly strengthened by the labor of our Brother Gropper as is frequently done in Japanese homes.
Only along the front of the chapel which adjoins the house, three supports have given way it has been made in the manner of Japanese temple, entirely out of wood.
Down in the valley, perhaps one kilometer toward the city from us, several peasant homes are on fire and the woods on the opposite side of the valley are aflame.
A few of us go over to help control the flames. While we are attempting to put things in order, a storm comes up and it begins to rain.Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Part of the Pacific War of World War II: In preparation for dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Leslie Nakashima filed the first personal account of the scene to appear in American nationwidesecretarial.comon: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Empire of Japan.
The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima contained a mass of uranium about the size of a baseball. The explosion it unleashed was the equivalent of that of 20, tons of TNT.
The estimated population of Hiroshima in was , The Story of Hiroshima Hibakusha Stories. First-hand accounts from survivors best convey the bomb’s impact on Hiroshima’s people.
The following "Voice of Hibakusha" eyewitness accounts of the bombing of Hiroshima are from the program HIROSHIMA WITNESS produced by the Hiroshima Peace Cultural Center and NHK, the public broadcasting company of Japan. The United States becomes the first and only nation to use atomic weaponry during wartime when it drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
Though the dropping of the atomic bomb on. Tales of Japanese atomic explosions, one a fictional attack on Los Angeles, the other an unsubstantiated account of a post-Hiroshima test, begin the book. (Wilcox accepts the test story because the author [Snell], "was a distinguished journalist").
In preparation for dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Hiroshima may have been leafleted in late July or early August, as survivor accounts talk about a delivery of leaflets a few days before the atomic bomb was dropped.